Monday, September 12, 2011

Fall Caneberry Field Work 2011

Blackberry and Raspberry (Caneberry/Bramble) Field Work for Fall 2011
Gina Fernandez, Small Fruit Specialist, North Carolina State University

Plant growth and development
Primocanes continue to grow, but slow down
Flower buds start to form
Primocane leaves senesce late fall

Primocane fruit harvest continues until frost

Pruning and trellising
Spent floricanes should be removed asap
Optimal time to prune is after the coldest part of the season is over. However pruning can start in late fall if plantings are large (late winter for smaller plantings)
Start trellis repairs after plants have defoliated

Weed management
Many summer weed problems can be best managed in the fall and winter using preemergent herbicides. Determine what weeds have been or could be a problem in your area. Check with your states agricultural chemical manual and local extension agent for the best-labeled chemicals to control these weeds.

Insect and disease scouting
Continue scouting for insects and diseases.
Remove damaged canes as soon as possible to lessen the impact of the pest.
Check the Southern Regional Bramble integrated Management Guide for recommendations.
Also check out Hannah Burrack’s blog.  She posts timely information on insects of interest.

Growers in warmer areas (e.g. extreme southeastern NC) can plant in December.  Preparations for winter planting should have already been made. If you have questions about winter planting please contact me at the above email address.
Prepare list of cultivars for next year’s new plantings. Find lists of nurseries at

Take soil tests to determine fertility needs for spring plantings.
Non-nitrogenous fertilizers are best applied in the fall to established plantings.
If soil is bare, plant an overwintering cover crop (e.g. rye) to build organic matter and slow soil erosion.

Marketing and miscellaneous
Order containers for next season
Make contacts for selling fruit next season

Make plans to attend Grower meetings! Blackberries and raspberries are part or all of these programs.
The 2012 North American Raspberry & Blackberry Conference will be January 16-18, 2012 in Sandusky, Ohio, in association w/Ohio Produce Growers and Marketers Association.
Caneberry session at the 2012 GA Fruit and Vegetable conference in Savannah GA. Jan 5-7, 2012

Southern Region Integrated Bramble Management Guide and the Southeast Regional Bramble Production Guide:

Blackberry and Raspberry Grower Information Portal:

My Social Media links:
Twitter: @NCTeamRubus
Facebook : Team Rubus

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